Games for Learning Development – Play with Purpose

                                                            

The Reynold Learning Games for Learning Development will improve sensory system functions and increase a child’s ability to learn.

Just as children need to eat the right foods for their physical and cognitive development, so they need a sensory diet of activity for sensory input in order to develop their sensory integration processes to increase neuro-efficiency of the brain.

As the brain processes and integrates information through its sensors, it is able to plan and organise behaviour in order to make adaptive responses in the ongoing process of learning. Learning is implicitly a neurological function and the capacity to learn is dependent upon neurological efficiency (neuro-efficiency). Accordingly, parents can help children learn, and help the development of their learning capabilities, by stimulating sensory input and sensory integration.

While children can be seen to have individual sensory needs, all activity is beneficial to children, as long it is not dangerous and appropriate to their physiological capabilities. Activities that excite or calm a child have both an immediate effect and a cumulative effect on the sensory system and promote neuro-physiological development – learning.

 

Children need a just-right challenge in order to learn and develop. This Play with Purpose programme [see below] is a general guide to providing such just-right challenges for your child’s development. (If you notice that your child has some difficulty in performing tasks, please seek out an Occupational Therapist to discuss the issue)

 

Kids with Snakesn ladders

The Play with Purpose sensory diet programme seeks particularly to develop:

Proprioception

Proprioceptive input provides sensation from the joints, muscles and connective tissues that lead to body awareness and can be obtained by lifting, pushing, and pulling heavy objects – including one’s own weight. Swimming is wonderful for proprioceptive development and the body awareness of pressure. Children, also need lots of cuddles.

Vestibular Control

Vestibular input comes from movement, and is received and processed in the inner ear and affects balance. Any type of movement will stimulate the vestibular receptors, but spinning, swinging, and hanging upside down provide the most intense, and long lasting input.

Tactile Senses

Tactile sensing detects through touch and pressure includes: texture, temperature, vibration, and pain. Tactile sensation comes from the skin of the body and the skin lining inside of the mouth. Tactile issues are evident with children being adverse to irritating surfaces, such as walking in sand, or the labels inside the back of shirts, and oral tactile issues such as irritation with food textures.

Auditory Processing

Auditory processing occurs from input of sound and how we listen and is related to vestibular sensing and development. To develop auditory abilities, have children go outside and just listen to natural sounds, or recordings of natural sounds, encourage listening games, detect and recognise instruments playing in a band or orchestra, or seek to have children learn music.

 

 

Visual Perception

Eighty percent of sensory input comes through the eyes. There are quite a few sensory integration issues that arise from poor or dysfunctional visual perception. And many learning difficulties arise from visual perception issues, which mainly can be addressed through sensory integration therapy. The aim of developing visual perception is stimulate discernment or visual discrimination, visual memory, and visual sensory integration, through the use of colours, shapes, symbols and words.

 

 


Ages 4-6

ACTIVITY                                                         DEVELOPMENT

Outside Play                 Gross Motor Coordination and Development

 

 Jumping in a circle     Proprioception

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to another.

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

Walking on balance beam or rope on the ground     Proprioception, Vestibular, Visual Perception

Ability to determine relative distance between objects/changes in planes of surfaces

Coordination of both sides of the body during an activity

Postural control to maintain balance

Visual-motor integration – interaction of information from eyes with body movement

 

Tunnel crawl – make a tunnel       Proprioception

Developing the use of body parts other than feet for projection and movement.

Development of large muscle groups of the body.

Awareness of body in spatial relationship to surrounding object of the tunnel

 

Hopscotch           Proprioception, Vestibular

Use of body in balance to project body in a linear progression.

Sequencing development by placing of information concepts and actions in order

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

Hopping on one leg while holding the other     Vestibular, Proprioception

Balance and postural control

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body in goal-directed movement

 

 Crawling up the hill     Bilateral integration, Vestibular, Proprioception

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body and coordination against slope.

Balance in context of position in space and body awareness of horizontal plane.

Use of muscle groups to strengthen proprioception

 

 Target practice with ball       Visual Perception, Proprioception

Eye – hand coordination

Timing and rhythm and force

Spatial awareness

Shoulder strengthening

Body awareness

 

Leap frog     Bilateral integration, Proprioception, Vestibular

Ability to interpret information about space and movement

Strengthen shoulders

Awareness of the position of one body part in relation to another and from another person.

 

Walking on uneven surfaces         Vestibular, Visual Perception

Postural stability and body control

Visual discernment and balance development

 

Walking on bubble wrap barefoot … (quietly)     

Tactile, Vestibular

Body awareness and spatial awareness

Development of tactile perception

 

Walking on your heels        Vestibular, Proprioception

Improves postural and stability

Improves balance skills and spatial awareness

 

 Swimming          Proprioception, Bilateral Integration

Pressure from the water on the body creates necessary body awareness for development

Pushing of limbs and muscles against the heavier density of water gravity

Gravity pressure against body parts is relieved to allow muscles to push against the water-space around the body

 

 

INSIDE PLAY               Fine Motor Coordination and Development

 

Make pasta necklace     Tactile, Visual

Hand eye coordination,

Fine motor skills, pinching, grasping and releasing,

Hand manipulation,

Sequencing,

Visual motor integration

 

Balloon tennis     Tactile, Visual, Bilateral

Gross motor coordination,

Visual motor integration,

Ability to cross from one side of the body to the other,

Demonstrates preferred side for activities

 

Use geo-board – with string        Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and manual dexterity,

Visual motor integration and sequencing in order

 

 Colour in a picture      Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and dexterity,

Hand manipulation,

Visual motor integration

 

Trace a drawing     Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and dexterity,

Hand manipulation,

Visual motor integration

 


Ages 7-9

ACTIVITY                                                         DEVELOPMENT

Outside Play                 Gross Motor Coordination and Development

 

Playing with hoop – jumping/spinning

Proprioception, Vestibular

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to another.

Sequencing placing of information concepts and actions in order

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

Jumping over obstacle – rope/bean bag     Proprioception, Vestibular

Visual discernment

Mental planning, body control and visual discernment and discrimination

Coordination body movements to achieve various movements and navigate obstacles helps vestibular development

 

Throw and catching bean bag

Tactile, Proprioception, Visual Perception

Eye – hand coordination

Timing and rhythm and force

Spatial awareness

Shoulder strengthening

Body awareness

 

Walking on balance beam

Vestibular

Ability to determine relative distance between objects/changes in planes of surfaces,

Coordination of both sides of the body during an activity

Postural control to maintain balance

Visual-motor integration – interaction of information from eyes with body movement

 

Leap frog

Bilateral integration, Proprioception, Vestibular

Ability to interpret information about space and movement

Strengthen shoulders

Awareness of the position of one body part in relation to another and from another person.

 

Climbing on monkey bars

Proprioception

Large muscle group development

Balance

Eye and hand coordination

Postural stability and control of movement and muscles using playground equipment

 

Walking on all fours upside down

Vestibular, Proprioception

Postural control to maintain balance

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to another.

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

Playing on swing

Proprioception, Vestibular

Use of balance and movement to use gravity to manipulate the swing.

The movement and  position of head in motion against gravity is very good vestibular activity

 

Crawling up a hill

Bilateral integration, Vestibular, Proprioception

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body and coordination against slope.

Balance in context of position in space and body awareness of horizontal plane.

Use of muscle groups to strengthen proprioception

 

Trampoline jumping

Vestibular, Proprioception, Visual

The application of the body in motion against the force of the mat and moving through the air against gravity is very good for vestibular development.

The bending of the knees and pushing against the mat as well as hand contact and pushing is developing large muscle groups and body awareness.

 

Kicking soccer ball

Proprioception, Visual

Motor planning – uses sensory information to plan, organise, time and sequence a task

Visual spatial relationship – traveling through space

Postural control and balance – holding position; dynamic balance controlling postures while on the move

 

Rolling on grass – 10 rolls up and back

Vestibular, Bilateral integration, Proprioception

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to the earth.

Natural body pressure against the earth and rolling and changing body relationship to the earth, develops bilateral integration and balance systems.

The pressure of the body against the earth develops proprioception

 

Swimming

Proprioception, Bilateral Integration

Pressure from the water on the body creates necessary body awareness for development

Pushing of limbs and muscles against the heavier density of water gravity

Gravity pressure against body parts is relieved to allow muscles to push against the water-space around the body

 

Inside Play                Fine Motor Coordination and Development

 

Make paper lantern

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and manual dexterity,

Visual motor integration and sequencing in order

 

Make party hat

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and manual dexterity,

Visual motor integration and sequencing in order

 

Build a flower clothespin game

Tactile, Visual

Finger strength, and visual perception.

 

Complete jigsaw puzzle

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor, visual perception, visual discrimination, visual memory

 

Colour in picture

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and dexterity, hand manipulation, visual motor integration

 

Ring toss onto poles

Tactile, Visual

Visual coordination and planning

Tactile sense development

Eye-hand coordination and special awareness

Shoulder muscle strengthening

 

 

Ages 10-12

ACTIVITY                                                         DEVELOPMENT

Outside Play                          Gross Motor Coordination and Development

 

Jumping – broad jumps  

Proprioception, Vestibular

Use of gross motor muscles to propel the body and balance the landing

Coordinate and plan movement in an organised manner

Using heavy pressure on legs as force increases gravity pull

 

  Jumping through a hoop and turning hoop        

Proprioception, Vestibular

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to another. It is information received from the joints

Sequencing placing of information concepts and actions in order

Gross motor coordination – using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

 Skipping – without/with a rope

Proprioception, Vestibular

Body interprets information to coordinate movement in rhythmic fashion.

Sequencing by placing of information concepts and actions in order

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

  

Walking on heels/on tippy toes 

Vestibular, Proprioception, Tactile

Improves postural stability and balance skills

The heels experience increased pressure

The awareness of the ground beneath the heels induces body awareness of the tactile sense through the skin of the heels.

 

 Handstands 

Proprioception, Vestibular, Visual

Ability to interpret information about the position of one body part in relation to another. It is information received from the joints

Gross motor coordination – using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

Postural control to maintain balance

 

Walking on all fours upside down     

Vestibular, Proprioception

Postural control to maintain balance

Body interprets information about the position in relation to space and the ground and translates the sense of gravity to compensated and adapt movement.

Using large muscle groups for controlled and goal directed movements

 

 Wheelbarrow races

Proprioception, Vestibular

Use of hands instead of feet and legs makes for body awareness and control

Pressure on upper limbs from the earth below develops proprioception

Holding on legs to both propel the other person and balance them in motion, plus the weight of the other person, develops proprioception and weight-to-ground is increased in motion

 

 Obstacle course – make a course

Visual, Vestibular

Mental planning, body control and visual discernment and discrimination

Coordination body movements to achieve various movements and navigate obstacles helps vestibular development

                               

 Hitting a moving target with ball         

Tactile, Proprioception, Visual Perception

Eye – hand coordination

Timing and rhythm and force

Spatial awareness

Shoulder strengthening

Body awareness

 

 Trampoline jumping       

Vestibular, Proprioception, Visual

The application of the body in motion against the force of the mat and moving through the air against gravity is very good for vestibular development.

The bending of the knees and pushing against the mat as well as hand contact and pushing is developing large muscle groups and body awareness.

 

 Playing on Monkey bars 

Proprioception

Development of large muscle groups

Balance of body in motion

Eye and hand coordination

Postural stability and control of movement and muscles as arms take body weight in place of legs

 

Swimming    

Proprioception, Bilateral Integration

Pressure from the water on the body creates necessary body awareness for development

Pushing of limbs and muscles against the heavier density of water gravity

Gravity pressure against body parts is relieved to allow muscles to push against the water-space around the body

 

 

INSIDE PLAY                          Fine Motor Coordination and Development

 

Play a game of twister      

Vestibular

The requirement of moving the body to different positions and shifting weight and balance

 

Make some origami

Tactile, Visual

Requires finger dexterity and mental planning to complete the tasks

Requires visual discrimination to complete the task

 

Make paper lanterns        

Tactile, Visual

Requires finger dexterity and mental planning to complete the tasks

 

Make pasta toys

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and manual dexterity, visual motor integration and sequencing in order

 

Zoom ball

     Tactile, Visual, Proprioception

Development of fine motor skill in fingers and arms to complete the task with visual precision

 

Sentence chopsticks  

Tactile, Visual

Fine motor coordination and manual dexterity, visual motor integration and sequencing in order

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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